Trading Fossil Fuels for the Carbon Already in the Atmosphere

Biofuels provide energy by using carbon from plants, and reduce the need to use fossil fuels. There are several biofuel crops, including corn, beets, and sugarcane. Sustainable biofuels capitalize on the fact that plants draw their carbon from the atmosphere, where it lingers in the form of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. We know how to make biofuel from corn, since ethanol has been around for more than 100 years.

Gevo has focused on corn-based biofuel, making isobutanol from inedible corn at its plant in Luverne, Minnesota. Corn-biofuel advantages are numerous, chiefly because producers have had so much practice—ethanol is widely produced. Because corn agriculture has been studied and modified over the last century, yields have been dialed in to be highly productive. Gevo has used biotechnology for biofuels to develop the process to make isobutanol, using Gevo’s proprietary yeast.

Biofuel made from corn has reduced carbon intensity because the farmers are using advanced agriculture methods to grow it, including low-till or no-till techniques that help the farms capture more of the carbon. Because corn grows quickly and creates large biomass, the plants absorb large quantities of carbon from the atmosphere. Gevo is partnered with area farmers to improve their growing techniques, resulting in better yield, improved root generation, and better carbon sequestration in the soil.

Download the Gevo Whitepaper: The Circular Economy and learn how advanced renewable fuel can capitalize on market forces to reduce fossil-carbon emissions, add protein to the food supply, and improve soil while sequestering carbon.







Biofuels Research Goes Beyond Corn

Biofuels alternative feedstocks and conversion processes use lignocellulose as another source of the starches needed to produce biofuel, from feedstocks including bagasse (sugarcane waste), rice straw, and woodslash or forest waste. Many of these cellulosic biofuel feedstocks would otherwise add to atmospheric carbon dioxide levels by being burned, as is the case with rice straw in India and woodslash as a result of wildfires.

Another Momentous Milestone Achieved: Gevo Has Purchased the Land for the New Net-Zero 1 Facility

Gevo has closed on the purchase of approximately 245 acres near Lake Preston, South Dakota, for its first commercial-scale sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) facility, Net-Zero 1. We initially optioned the site for purchase in December of 2020, and we chose this site because it is very favorable for producing low-carbon SAF. Gevo completed more than 18 months of due diligence at the site. By doing our homework, we expect to incorporate the following sustainable features and functions to the Net-Zero 1 facility: There is a good local market for the high-protein nutritional products that we expect to produce as part of our circular economy model.We are working to bring more sustainable agriculture methods to area feedstock producers, and this is expected to capture carbon from the atmosphere through photosynthesis and sequester it in the soil.From day one, the plan for Net-Zero 1 has been to build a windfarm to provide electricity to power our processes, and local wind conditions suggest abundant wind-generated power will be available.The windfarm is also expected to provide the electricity to power the electrolysis to make renewable hydrogen with no carbon intensity.Eliminating waste from our business system is expected to provide additional advantages: Retaining sugary residues...

A Partnership Between Gevo and Google Cloud Expects to Enable Users to Track and Verify Emissions Using Datasets and Analytics Tools

Gevo, Inc. is partnering with Google Cloud to measure and verify the efficacy of next-generation biofuels across the supply chain via full lifecycle sustainability data tracking. Using technology developed by Verity Tracking, a division of Gevo, the collaboration is expected to enable users to track and verify emissions using datasets and analytics tools from Google Cloud. The goal will be to help companies create a more data-driven approach to understanding and lowering greenhouse gas intensity globally. Together, Google Cloud and Verity expect to work on product-level engagements to address market and customer needs. Utilizing Google Cloud’s analytics tools and Google Earth Engine’s multi-petabyte catalog of Earth observation data, Gevo and Verity expect to provide measured verification of asset-level atmospheric emissions reductions, renewable energy-powered electricity for processing, and land-use changes with soil quality and water impacts to support Gevo’s smart agriculture and carbon intensity claims, from farm to flight. While many organizations around the world are prioritizing sustainability and are focused on reducing the carbon intensity of their operations, many of them are unsure how to track and measure their impact. The core issue to understanding greenhouse gas emissions is to get good data and analyze it effectively. Nowadays that means...

Gevo Believes Argonne GREET Is the Superior Model

We can’t improve what we don’t measure. No matter how good the science and technology are, if we’re not accounting for all aspects of the emissions from transportation, industrial processes, and agriculture, there is no way to meet the lofty goals needed to protect the planet, nor can participants be appropriately compensated. Life-cycle analysis (LCA), also known as life-cycle assessment, is a primary tool to support decision-making for sustainable development. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) uses it to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a product, material, process, or activity. It’s a comprehensive method for assessing all direct and indirect environmental impacts across—importantly—the entire life cycle of a product system, from materials acquisition to manufacturing to use to final disposition. This “cradle-to-grave” accounting concept, also called “well-to-wheel,” when applied to fuels, and soon “farm-to-wheel” will become common as biofuels using agricultural feedstocks become a more significant fuel source. The Argonne GREET Seal of Approval We believe Argonne GREET® (Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Technologies), developed by Argonne National Laboratory with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is superior to any other LCA tool available. Argonne National laboratories has been working on LCA since...

Gevo Believes Argonne GREET Counts Carbon Intensity the Best Way We Know How

Argonne GREET was developed to consider carbon intensity related to the energy and environmental effects of fuels and vehicle technologies. The DOE has supported its implementation in the fuel market, and we believe it is the best model for U.S.-based companies. Here’s why: GREET rewards enterprise and ingenuity—when science gains a deeper understanding of how carbon and emissions affect the impact of fuel use for transportation; it can be incorporated into calculations. GREET can accommodate variables for better land management. As an agricultural feedstock supplier implements these practices, the carbon intensity for the fuel made from its harvest is adjusted, and that value can go back to the farmer. GREET’s adaptability makes it more effective in taking on the special-case variables of subsectors within transportation, including automotive, marine, rail, and aviation. Because GREET can apply to vehicles themselves as well as fuels, the impact of electric vehicles, plugin hybrid cars, and virtually any other new developments in transportation technology can be accounted for. Download more information here: For additional reading: Gevo Believes Argonne GREET Is the Superior Model How Does the World Treat Key LCA Aspects Compared to Argonne GREET?

How Does the World Treat Key LCA Aspects Compared To Argonne GREET?

Several biofuel regulations and programs have been adopted globally in the past 13 years. They are based on LCA carbon intensities, and some of them have benefited from the GREET model: The California Low-Carbon Fuel Standard (with CA-GREET3.0) The Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation by the UN International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO CORSIA) The Environmental Protection Agency’s Renewable Fuel Standard (EPA RFS) The European Renewable Energy Directive (EU REDII) The Canadian Clean Fuel Standard (CFS) RenovaBio, a carbon reduction regulation used by Brazil GREET is comprehensive by including many parameters which have significant effects on biofuels CIs. It is transparent and consistent to examine feedstock growth and fuel conversion. With annual release, GREET benefits from up-to-date data from government agencies and industry surveys. These cited regulations/programs could have frequent, needed updates from GREET to reflect the state of the biofuel industry. See how the other models stack up for impacts of feedstock cultivation, indirect land use change for biofuel, better land management, carbon capture and sequestration, electricity, thermal energy, and hydrogen sources, and methane avoidance: Download more information here: For additional reading: Gevo Believes Argonne GREET Is the Superior Model Gevo Believes Argonne GREET Counts Carbon Intensity...

World-Class Airline Network oneworld Alliance Shares Plans to Purchase Up to 200 Million Gallons Per Year of SAF from Gevo

Network of world-class airlines oneworld® Alliance and Gevo, Inc. announced today that certain oneworld members plan to purchase up to 200 million gallons per year of sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) from Gevo (the “oneworld Alliance SAF Purchase Goal”). The delivery of the SAF is expected to commence in 2027, for a five-year term. Member airlines of oneworld Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, British Airways, Finnair, Japan Airlines, and Qatar Airways expect to utilize Gevo’s SAF for their operations in California including San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose and Los Angeles International Airports. One member has already executed a binding fuel sales agreement whereby Gevo expects to produce and sell 30 million gallons per year of SAF in support of the oneworld Alliance SAF Purchase Goal. Based on current assumptions, including those around future pricing of commodities and the future values of certain environmental benefits, Gevo estimates that the fuel sales agreement should generate approximately $800 million of revenue, inclusive of the value from environmental benefits, across the life of the contract. Gevo’s SAF is expected to be produced using field corn products that will then be processed to create ethanol that will then be converted into SAF. Gevo expects to produce...

Growing Our Own Energy Independence

Anytime gas prices rise at the pump, people look for a scapegoat. Usually, there’s one to be found, and almost always that scapegoat is not the cause. We Americans have been experiencing the worst inflation in nearly four decades, making every-day goods and especially fuel more expensive, and, at the same time, Russian President Vladimir Putin launched an unprovoked, unnecessary war on Ukraine. While any significant military conflict is bound to send fuel prices up, one that involves the “Bread Basket of Europe” and the third largest oil producer in the world was inevitably going to cause pain at the pump. Over the last few weeks, we’ve seen several articles and opinion pieces making claims about America’s “energy independence,” while other articles note America is still reliant on imported oil and gas. What is being entirely left out of the conversation is the role plant-based fuels can and should play in our fuel supply. While some have insisted the rise in prices at the pump correlates directly to the Biden Administration’s climate policies, “The Interior Department processed more oil and gas drilling permits during Biden’s first year in office than three of the four years of the Trump administration,” according...

Billions of Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel Will Reduce the Carbon Intensity of Travel

VIDEO: Learn about sustainable aviation fuel and solving the problems of travel and GHG emissions. As travel restrictions are relaxed and people get back to flying like they used to, it’s as clear as the bright blue sky: The market for aviation fuel isn’t going anywhere. That was always one of the most compelling reasons why Gevo chose to focus on transportation fuels in our plans for energy transition—it’s a huge business segment that people will always want and need.

Reducing Air Pollution with Praj

From the rice harvest in India, the rice straw had traditionally been burned, releasing huge clouds of smoke across the countryside. This smoke contains carbon dioxide, which creates substantial impact on public health.